Chronic kidney disease, also known as chronic kidney failure, is a common long-term condition in which the kidneys fail to filter excess fluids and waste from the blood.
If the normal functioning of the kidneys is lost, it will lead to the accumulation of waste, electrolytes, and fluids in the body. If left untreated, it may result in persistent kidney failure.
Chronic kidney disease is classified into five stages:
● Stage 1 with normal or high GFR (GFR > 90 mL/min)
● Stage 2 with mild CKD (GFR = 60-89 mL/min)
● Stage 3A with moderate CKD (GFR = 45-59 mL/min)
● Stage 3B with moderate CKD (GFR = 30-44 mL/min.
● Stage 4 with severe CKD (GFR = 15-29 mL/min)
● Stage 5 with end stage CKD (GFR <15 mL/min)
Some things that increase the risk for chronic kidney disease are as follows.
Diabetes: It is the most common underlying cause of kidney failure and is also known as diabetic kidney disease. High blood glucose levels damage the blood vessels in your kidneys. This damage leads to organ dysfunction.
Obesity: Kidneys must work harder to remove excess fluids and wastes from an overweight body. Therefore, this extra work increases the risk for chronic kidney failure. Obesity can be prevented in many ways, such as controlling the diet and staying active, etc.
High blood pressure: Narrowing of the blood vessels due to high blood pressure restricts the normal flow of blood to the kidneys. This high pressure on the arteries of the kidneys makes it hard for the nephrons to filter blood properly. In this case, blood pressure should be controlled to less than 80/130.
High cholesterol level: Loss of kidney function can also occur due to the accumulation of fatty deposits in the renal arteries. Plaque build-up in the vessels reduces the flow of blood through the kidneys.
Long-term use of NSAIDS: Prostaglandins dilate blood vessels and keep the kidneys alive by allowing the adequate flow of blood. However, the production of prostaglandins is blocked in the patients taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Polycystic kidney disease: The development of cysts in the kidneys is one of the major risk factors of kidney disease.
Smoking: Nicotine slows the blood flow and causes kidney failure.
● Poor appetite
● Blood in urine
● Foamy or bubbly urine
● Cramps in muscles
● Shortness of breath
● Water retention (edema)
● Itchy skin
● Uncontrolled hypertension
● Feeling cold, dizzy, tired
● Puffy face
Although there is no cure for chronic kidney disease, the progression of symptoms and underlying causes can be slowed down. Some of the ways to treat end-stage kidney failure are mentioned below.
Dialysis: in this process, a machine is used which artificially removes excess fluids and wastes from the blood. There are two types of dialysis:
Haemodialysis, where a machine purifies the blood.
Peritoneal dialysis, where the dialysis solution filled in the abdomen absorbs wastes and fluids.
Kidney transplant: A healthy kidney from a donor is transplanted in place of the defective kidney. Donors can be living or deceased. Many complications can develop after a kidney transplant, such as infection, leakage of urine, clotting of blood, etc.
● Quit smoking
● Maintain high sugar levels and high blood pressure
● Manage diet, consume a low-fat diet
● Stay physically active
For a detailed insight into this condition and treatments, contact Shifa4U online anytime.
Farah Jassawalla is a graduate of the Lahore School of Economics. She is also a writer, and healthcare enthusiast, having closely observed case studies while working with Lahore's thriving general physicians at their clinics.
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Dr Rizwan Uppal, the founder of IDC, believed that proper and timely diagnosis is the key to successful treatment. An all under one roof diagnostic service with the name of Islamabad Diagnostic Center (IDC) Pvt. Ltd was established in the beautiful City of Islamabad more than a decade ago.
This brain child of Dr Rizwan was not possible without the support of his two brothers and Executive directors, Dr Rehan Uppal and Dr Imran Uppal. Since the day of inception, Dr Rehan has been a great assistance and immense help in IDC progress and evolution. IDC’s main strength lies in use of state of the art technology, in the hands of qualified and experienced team of doctors and technologist on 24/7 basis. There is still no such setup of equivalent scale and quality in Pakistan.
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CERTIFIED From ISO and Our organization aspires to achieve commendable standards of performance, giving physicians and patients the personal and professional commitment they expect and deserve.
In 1996, we set out to establish a medical diagnostic center that caters to the needs of patients and diagnosticians alike. Our focus has always been on providing a quality service in a timely manner. We take pride in the fact that years later, today, with a network of collection centers in and out of Lahore, AL-Nasar Lab® & Diagnostic Centre remains the provider of a wide variety of medical services for the most competitive rates in the industry. Our Mission is to provide reliable, timely, high quality, cost-effective and innovative diagnostic services & information to our patients and clients
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We value your time and pride ourselves on offering fast, efficient, & accurate imaging and diagnosis by our internationally trained & recognized specialists.
Our radiologists are the most experienced in MRI/CT scanning in the whole country.
1st of its kind in Pakistan – we utilize advanced medical technologies & equipment only available at Heart, Brain, & Body Scan
Precise, quick , & efficient same day service – we value your time.
Picture Archive & Communication System (PACS)
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Toshiba ELAN 1.5 Tesla MRI
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Toshiba Aquilion 64 Slice CT Scan
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Two Open-bore MRI machines
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Complete Nuclear Medicine – Diagnostic and Therapeutic
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Siemens Open MRI
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To make use of best diagnostic testing services and delivering them at doorsteps of patients, doctors and healthcare service providers. To offer the “BEST ADVANCED CARE” through our core values of excellence, reliability, punctuality, novelty, safety, accuracy and sincerity. We work on the philosophy of “PATIENT HEALTH & WELLNESS FIRST”
Chairman Message (Dr Zahid Asgher)
WE, at Doctors Diagnostic Centre, started our journey with the responsibility of creating centre of brilliance providing the utmost quality of Medical Diagnostics to the patients
VISION & MISSION
National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL), Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of Pakistan accreditation has been applied for. We are also external quality assurance participant in Pakistan, Lahore/ Voluntary inter laboratory Analytical Comparison (VILAC). EQAS External Quality Assurance Scheme (Bio-Rad) For Both CHEMISTRY /IMMUNOASSAYS. CMC Vellore External Quality Assessment Scheme.
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