Gout, an astonishingly painful form of arthritis, is a well known, ancient condition that has been diagnosed for centuries. It occurs when purine is broken down by the body, producing a compound called uric acid. Uric acid, a waste component that is typically filtered by the kidneys, builds up, in turn, causing crystals to form that are then deposited on the joints. If the kidneys are not operating effectively to rid itself of the uric acid or if there is a high production of uric acid, gout may develop. Typically, gout is associated with the joints of the fingers and toes, and the affected joint or joints will appear red and swollen. Medication therapy is the primary treatment regimen, although lifestyle modifications should also be utilized.
Lifestyle modifiers for gout include a diet low in purines, maintaining healthy body weight, limiting alcohol, and reducing high fructose foods and beverages. Essentially, a diet low in purines helps minimize the occurrence of gout attacks. The body converts purine to uric acid, and while purine is a naturally occurring substance in the body, it is also found in foods and drinks, such as alcohol, soft drinks, liver, certain types of seafood, bacon, veal, and organ meats. Fructose is an ingredient that is converted into purines, and as previously mentioned, purines are converted to uric acid.
Avoiding foods high in purine, maintaining healthy body weight, and taking medications as prescribed by your physician is crucial to minimize gout flare-ups and increase your quality of life. To discuss further treatment options available to you regarding your diagnosis of gout, book an appointment with the best orthopedic surgeon in Pakistan near you.